Basis for Comparison | Leading Power Factor | Lagging Power Factor |
---|---|---|

Basic | The load current leads the supply voltage by certain phase angle. | There is a phase difference between voltage and current where load current lags the supply voltage. |

Nature of load in electrical circuit | Capacitive | Inductive |

Correction of low power factor | By the addition of inductive load. | By adding capacitive load. |

Value | Exists between -1 to 0. | Exists between 0 and 1. |

Reactive component | Negative | Positive |

Examples of respective loads | Capacitive load: Electrical motors, capacitor, radio circuits, etc. | Inductive load: Power generator, inductor, relays, etc. |

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